Because febrile seizures can be the first sign of illness, their prevention is often not possible.
A febrile seizure does not mean that the child is not receiving proper care. Occasionally, a doctor may recommend giving diazepam to prevent or treat febrile seizures that occur more than once, but no medication is completely effective in preventing these types of seizures.
The only thing that parents of a child who has had a seizure can do is monitor him and always control the fevers that he has during an illness. In general, fever is controlled with medications such as paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, among others.
In any case, it is advisable to consult with the child's pediatrician about the type of medication that can be given to the child, depending on the age and fever he has. They also need to know how they should act in the event of a febrile seizure, especially if the child has a tendency to manifest high fevers. Regarding the risks that febrile seizures can represent, we can highlight:
- Let the child bite himself
- Aspirate the fluid into the lungs
- That it is a serious infection, such as meningitis, the cause of seizures
- That the seizures are too long or complicated
- That are not caused by fever
Despite the symptoms and alarming appearance, seizures are often benign and inherited. Febrile seizures are harmless, do not cause brain damage, do not cause paralysis or brain injury, do not cause mental retardation or any other nervous system disorder, and there is no evidence that they cause death or epilepsy, or decreased QI or learning disabilities .
It is possible for a child to have more than one febrile seizure if the first seizure occurred before 12 months of age, or if it happened with a fever less than 39 degrees. Children prone to febrile seizures are not considered to have epilepsy, as epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures that are not precipitated by fever.
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